Orthodontics is an area of medicine that uses dental braces to prevent and/or treat problems related with the growth of the teeth (crooked and/or spaced teeth) and of the bone structure of the face itself (prognathism and retrognathia).

In Medidental, our dentists always make an initial diagnosis based on rigorous examinations and, according to the needs detected, the most appropriate orthodontic device is recommended for each case. 

With our team of professionals in orthodontics you can have the perfectly straight teeth that you always wanted at the most competitive prices in the market. Smile again without feeling constrained or any type of inhibition. Be another of our successful clinical cases.

Types of dental braces

Fixed dental braces (metallic or aesthetic)

Fixed dental braces (partial or total) are the type that is most used in the whole world and also the best suited for solving more complex orthodontic cases.

These permanent solutions are comprised by brackets (in steel or in more discreet materials, like sapphire, porcelain/ceramic and polycarbonate) connected by a metallic and elastic archwire, stuck to the teeth by an adhesive material.

The fixed aesthetic device is a great option for adults and young people who are looking for an orthodontic solution but who want to avoid the so-called “metallic smile”, so, as it has a big visual impact, it often interferes in the patient’s social and professional life.

Fixed devices in general, as they cannot be removed on a daily basis, require regular professional monitoring, with check-ups every month until the end of the treatment. 

Removable dental braces

As removable dental braces cannot take high pressure or loads, are especially indicated for children and also for young people with a slight misalignment of the teeth, for complex treatments. Later on they will have to be associated to a fixed device.

These solutions are made up from an acrylic part (normally pink), which fits into the roof of the mouth, and a metallic part that acts to (re)position the teeth.

Although it can be used on both arches, this device, considered the simplest and cheapest on the market, is mostly used only on the upper jaw.

Self-ligating brackets

Self-ligating brackets are currently the most cutting-edge technology on the market for dental treatments with fixed devices, whether metallic or aesthetic (in sapphire, porcelain/ceramic or polycarbonate).

While traditional dental braces use the famous transparent or coloured rubber bands to hold the wire to the bracket (piece attached to each tooth), in self-ligating devices each bracket has a kind of door, which the dentist opens in order to place the wire.

In practice, by eliminating the use of the rubber bands, we are preventing bacteria from setting in and also making it more comfortable for the patient, as the friction between the wire and the bracket reduces considerably, causing less harm to the teeth and even in the buccal cavity in general.

Besides this, they can thus get more effective and quicker results (in the order of 35%) and the wire has to be changed only every 2 months (and not monthly as in more conventional solutions).

Invisible or transparent dental braces (Invisalign)

Invisible/transparent dental braces (Invisalign) are revolutionary, given that, as they are made of translucent acetate, they are practically unnoticeable.

In this way, and unlike conventional devices, this kind of colourless brace has the advantage of not affecting the patient’s day-to-day life in any way, and can also be removed at any time, thus guaranteeing greater comfort.

In terms of cleaning, when removed, the invisible dental brace (invisalign) should be duly sanitised with a suitable brush.

Lingual appliances:

Lingual appliances are the same as fixed devices, but are more expensive, as they do not have visible brackets, given that they are attached behind the teeth.

Although they are aesthetically more elegant solutions, cleaning lingual appliances is more complex, as access for brushing is more difficult.